Suicide Hotline: Cluster B Personality Disorders
If someone you know has a personality disorder, it’s essential that they receive unwavering support and nonjudgment from you. Help them to seek treatment if their symptoms become harmful; and call a suicide hotline if their symptoms threaten harm or risk imminent death.
Cluster B personalities often struggle to regulate their emotions and behavior, and can display actions which others find dramatic or out of the ordinary. Examples include histrionic, narcissistic and borderline personalities.
Histrionic personality disorder
Histrionic Personality Disorder, commonly referred to as HPD, is a cluster B personality disorder characterized by overly dramatic and inappropriate behaviors. People suffering from HPD seek attention through emotional displays and impulsive actions that often leads to conflict with relationships; furthermore they may believe their behaviors are natural and considered normative.
Researchers do not fully understand what causes histrionic personality disorder (HPD), though genetic or environmental triggers and childhood behaviors could play a part in its onset. Furthermore, HPD often co-occurs with other mental health conditions and medical ailments.
Treatment options for histrionic personality disorder may include psychotherapy and medication. Both of these forms of intervention are intended to decrease disruptive behaviors and enhance quality of life; studies suggest histrionic personality disorder could also be an indicator of substance abuse as well as eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa.
Narcissistic personality disorder
Narcissistic Personality Disorder, more commonly referred to as NPD, is characterized by pathological narcissism and is a serious mental health condition affecting social and work lives of its sufferers. NPD may result from genetics, childhood experiences or environmental influences; recent research suggests culture could also play a factor.
For someone to be diagnosed with NPD, chronic and long-term impairments to functioning and personality traits that cannot be explained by other mental or physical health conditions must cause significant distress to them.
The study included case law from state courts retrieved through LexisNexis, an electronic legal research database. Judges presided over these civil and criminal matters involving either plaintiffs or defendants – with most being plaintiffs. Researchers excluded duplicate and unpublished court opinions as part of this analysis.
Borderline personality disorder
Cluster B personality disorders often make relationships challenging, with dramatic or overly emotional behaviors that cause significant distress to their sufferers. Psychotherapy and medication may provide effective relief; if you are concerned about someone you know or feel they might harm themselves or others, seek professional assistance right away; those at risk should reach out immediately to a suicide hotline for immediate assistance.
Researchers conducted a comprehensive evaluation of how Cluster B personalities are represented in case law by reviewing preexisting cases from LexisNexis’ public legal research database, specifically searching for cases in which litigants introduced evidence of antisocial, borderline, histrionic and narcissistic personality disorders as evidence in case proceedings. Excluded were cases that did not feature hard copy reporter series publications mentioning such disorders only parenthetically cited or as descriptive testimony and any appeal cases currently in progress; results revealed that most litigants who introduced such evidence were plaintiffs while its most frequent use being parental rights termination proceedings.
Antisocial personality disorder
Antisocial personality disorder, also referred to as sociopathy or psychopathy, is characterized by a lack of empathy toward others, disdain for the law and impulsive behavior. People suffering from antisocial personality disorder have the ability to manipulate others into doing harmful acts without considering potential repercussions or showing regret for their actions. They cannot maintain stable relationships, meet work and financial obligations on time and feel any regret for what they have done.
Anger quickly flares, leading to physical fights or assaults. They are deceptive, lying repeatedly while using different names; coveting material possessions and the attention of others; failing to meet responsibilities related to child-rearing; callous in their sexual interactions and exploitative in their dealings with partners.
Early childhood trauma, neglect or abuse increases one’s risk for this disorder. Genetic vulnerability, substance use and mental health conditions are also risk factors associated with it. Although its cause remains unknown, cultural factors could play a part in its occurrence since rates vary depending on where one lives.