Lotus Psychiatry and Wellness Center

LotusCluster A and C Personalities

Cluster A and C Personalities

Psychologists classify personality disorders into clusters based on commonalities in their dominant features. Cluster A personalities tend to have odd and eccentric behaviors characterized by distorting thinking processes.

Cluster C Personality Disorders involve high levels of anxiety and fear. They include Avoidant Personality Disorder, Dependent Personality Disorder and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.

Paranoid Personality Disorder

People suffering from paranoid personality disorder exhibit persistent, suspicious tendencies. They believe others want to deceive or harm them even though there is no concrete evidence for any misdeed. They also tend to hold grudges.

Paranoid personality disorder often surfaces during late adolescence or early adulthood and remains lifelong, creating significant distress for itself and relationships alike. Just like its counterparts in cluster C, paranoid personality disorder may cause great strain and strain to relationships.

Cluster C personality disorders typically require both psychotherapy and medication in order to alleviate their symptoms. Psychotherapy teaches individuals how to recognize and challenge negative thoughts and behaviors as well as create healthier patterns of behavior.

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid personality disorder (Schizo) is characterized by longstanding patterns of distancing relationships and emotional expression, making it hard to form close ties even among friends or family members.

Many individuals with schizoid personality disorder do not seek medical help for their condition, while those who do seek assistance only do so due to encouragement from family or friends. Yet seeking treatment can significantly increase quality of life while diminishing symptoms.

Psychotherapy (talk therapy) or group therapy sessions often form part of the treatment for depression. Therapists work with you to learn skills that will enable closer relationships to form between loved ones.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal personality disorder (STPD) is characterized by difficulty connecting with people and lacking empathy. Individuals diagnosed with this condition often hold inaccurate beliefs about others that resemble delusions found in schizophrenia.

These beliefs and behaviors cause immense distress, as well as social problems that lead to isolation. Though symptoms may not be as severe as with paranoid or schizoid personality disorders, they still significantly impact daily life.

Mental health professionals can identify schizotypal personality disorder using nine formal symptoms from the DSM-5-TR. This includes lack of empathy, eccentric behavior, and unusual communication patterns. Furthermore, it’s essential that similar conditions such as bipolar or psychotic disorders be excluded as potential sources.

Histrionic Personality Disorder

Histrionic Personality Disorder falls within Cluster B personality disorders and is characterized by dramatic, attention-seeking behaviors. People diagnosed with histrionic personality disorder may crave excitement and overestimate how close their relationships really are; emotions may shift quickly as can their physical reactions; sometimes their displays of emotion appear shallow or superficial to others.

Histrionic personality disorder typically can only be diagnosed in adults; thus if someone you know exhibits these symptoms, they should undergo professional psychological assessment and counseling services to gain greater awareness of their overly dramatic communication style and to develop healthier coping techniques. A therapist can help you gain this insight while developing healthier coping techniques.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

At some point in our lives, all of us may exhibit some narcissistic traits; to be diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), five of the following symptoms must be present and impact daily functioning and relationships: These five criteria represent NPD within Cluster B personality disorders in DSM-5-TR:

People diagnosed with NPD exhibit grandiose characteristics and crave admiration from others. They exaggerate their talents, accomplishments and beauty while often taking offense at any criticism they receive. They believe they deserve special treatment from others and tend to form relationships only with those who cater specifically to them; yet have dark sides including not experiencing normal feelings of shame or guilt.

Borderline Personality Disorder

People suffering from borderline personality disorder tend to have unstable relationships and display unpredictable behavior. They suffer from fear of abandonment and have difficulty controlling their emotions, particularly anger. Unfortunately, these people often engage in self-destructive behaviors like substance abuse or risky sexual activities which compromise their well-being and could potentially end their lives prematurely.

Personality disorders may be treated using psychotherapy and medication. Psychotherapy – or talk therapy – allows individuals to discuss their emotions with trained mental health professionals while medication can reduce anxiety or ease symptoms of personality disorders.

The DSM-5 has organized personality disorders into three clusters. Cluster A contains paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders; Cluster B includes narcissistic and histrionic personality disorders; while Cluster C encompasses anxious or fearful personalities: avoidant dependent and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders.


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